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What is Kratom?

What is Kratom?

What is Kratom? A simple explanation.

Kratom trees, most commonly classified by its genus and species names: Mitragyna Speciosa Korth, has an average height of 12–30 ft (3.7–9.1 m) and a circumference of 15 ft (4.6 m) wide at its leafiest point. Some trees have been found that actually top out at over 95 feet. Kratom leafs are oval or ovate-lanceolate and dark, glossy, green in color.

Leaves can grow up to 7” in length and almost 4” in width. The veins are greenish-white (known as “white vein” or “green vein”) or red (known as “red vein”). The “green or white vein” is reportedly more potent. The average weight of a fresh, dried leaf is between a ½ gram to 2 grams. During the flowering stage, the tree can yield up to 120 yellow and globular florets. The fruit from this flower mirrors a capsule in shape and produces small, flat seeds.

Mitragyna Speciosa Science

Mitragyna Speciosa Korth, part of the Rubiaceae (coffee) family, is a tropical tree indigenous to Southeast Asia, the Philippines and New Guinea although it is now being cultivated in other regions. It’s most dominate locations are Thailand (referred to as “Kratom”, “kakuam”, “ithang” or “thom”) and Malaysia (referred to as “Ketum” or “Biak-Biak”) with recent cultivation becoming dominate in Indonesia (known as “Bali” or “Indo” Kratom ).

The leaf of the tree has been historically used for its medicinal and energy-producing properties by chewing the leaves or making tea. The tree was first documented by the Dutch botanist, Korthals. Mr. Korthals gave the genus its name because the stigmas in the first species he examined resembled the shape of a bishop’s mitre. Other species of Mitragyna found in India and Asia include: M. Tubulosa, M. Parvifolia, M. Hirsuta, M. Diversifolia, M. Rotundifolia and M. Kuntze. M. Ciliate, M. Inermis, M. Stipulosa and M. Africanus widely grow in West Africa.

Alkaloids

Over 25 alkaloids have been isolated from Kratom. The most abundant alkaloids consist of three indoles and two oxindoles. The three indoles are mitragynine, paynanthine, and speciogynine – the first two of which appear to be unique to this species. The two oxindoles are mitraphylline and speciofoline. Other alkaloids present include other indoles, and oxindoles such as ajmalicine, corynanthedine, mitraversine, rhychophylline, and stipulatine.

Kratom History

Kratom has been used in Thailand for centuries, recreational and as an anti-diarrhetic. Its use as an opiate substitute in Malaysia was reported in the nineteenth century. Laborers have used it to counteract the tedium of physical labor, similar to the use of coca in South America. The chemistry was investigated in the 1920s, and mitragynine was isolated in 1923. Kratom leafs became part of the ethno-botanical trade in the United States and Europe in mid 2000.

 

DISCLAIMER: These products have not been evaluated by the Food & Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Please consult your physician. Testimonials and product reviews reflect individual people’s unique experiences and opinions and should not be viewed as professional advice. Individual results may vary.

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Varieties of Kratom

Varieties of Kratom

Varieties of Kratom,Simply there are many different Types of Kratom advertised on the internet. These include leaves, enhanced leaves, extracts, powders, resins, tinctures and so forth. Below we have a few descriptions for your convenience.

Kratom Resin: This is a concentrated form of Kratom which is created by condensing the leaf down through a cooking method and extracting the alkaloids to produce a small, tar like mass which is much stronger than the leaf itself.

Kratom Powder: Kratom powder is generally stronger than crushed leaves because the stem and veins of the leaf are often removed, leaving the parts of the leaf which contain the highest amount of the active alkaloids.

Stem and Vein: The Stem and Vein is generally removed during the grinding of the leaf to produce powder, but still contains active alkaloids, although only approximately 25% of what the other leaf material contains.

Kratom Extract: This generally comes in a powder form and is a concentrated form the Kratom, thus providing a stronger or enhanced effect.

Kratom Tincture: The extracted alkaloids or Concentrated Kratom Powder is soluble in alcohol which allows for an alternative delivery system. Tincture droplets are delivered sublingual and have a strong effect.

Enhanced Kratom: Enhanced Kratom is often as simple as an extract being added to a regular strength powder. There are also some strains of Kratom that are overall stronger than others and these are sometimes referred to as enhanced.

Crushed Leaf Kratom: This is basically what the title implies. Crushed leaf Kratom contains all of the leaf material, stem and veins and is often used as a tea for the delivery system.

Kratom Capsules: This is simply Powdered Kratom which is packed into a digestible capsule (Kratom Capsules) for a more convenient delivery method, thus the name.

For more information check out the kratom resources.

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Kratom Strains and Names

Kratom Strains

Kratom Strains and Names

The Kratom Strains and Names clearly explained.

Kratom Strains can be hard to decipher. There are 3 types of strains which are White Vein, Red Vein and Green Vein. Although green and white may seem similar, they are not.

You can, clearly, see the differences in the leaf’s vein color. You’ve probably noticed numerous names referring to the same types, which can be entirely too confusing. Unfortunately, many vendors tend to confuse the customers by re-branding traditional strains with interesting new names.

The traditional names for this plant come from the regions in Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand, where they grow naturally. This is seen by the naming conventions such as Sumatra, Borneo, Riau, Bali and so forth. Below is chart for how these names are connected.

Indo kratom

Indonesia: Also known as Indo and comes in White, Green and Red Vein.

  • Sumatra (a region in Indonesia)
  • Riau (a region in Indonesia)
  • Kalimantan (a region in Indonesia)
  • Borneo (a region in Indonesia)
  • Bali (a combination of Sumatra and Borneo. Supposedly Bali was named this because it was in Bali where the combination was first created.)

Thai Kratom

Thailand: Also known as Thai and comes in Red and Green Vein.

  • Maeng Da (not a region, but an enhanced version of Thai)

Malay Kratom

Malaysia: Also known as Malay and comes in White, Red and Green Vein.

For an example, when you hear the term, “White Vein Sumatra”, you’ll now know that this is referring to a white veined Kratom leaf found in the Sumatra region of Western Indonesia and simply put, “White Vein Indo”.

These names can sometimes be justified due to the different environments in which the trees are grown. Some regions have different soil compositions which can clearly have an effect on the alkaloids found in the leaf.

We are aware that these names can be confusing and there are not many concise descriptions available regarding this subject which is why we felt compelled to provide this information to our customers.

Indonesia: Also known as Indo and comes in White, Green and Red Vein.

  • Sumatra (a region in Indonesia)
  • Riau (a region in Indonesia)
  • Kalimantan (a region in Indonesia)
  • Borneo (a region in Indonesia)
  • Bali (a combination of Sumatra and Borneo. Supposedly Bali was named this because it was in Bali where the combination was first created.)

Thailand: Also known as Thai and comes in Red and Green Vein.

  • Maeng Da (not a region, but an enhanced version of Thai)

Malaysia: Also known as Malay and comes in White, Red and Green Vein.

For an example, when you hear the term, “White Vein Sumatra”, you’ll now know that this is referring to a white veined Kratom leaf found in the Sumatra region of Western Indonesia and simply put, “White Vein Indo”.

These names can sometimes be justified due to the different environments in which the trees are grown. Some regions have different soil compositions which can clearly have an effect on the alkaloids found in the leaf.

We are aware that these names can be confusing and there are not many concise descriptions available regarding this subject which is why we felt compelled to provide this information to our customers.